FOOD CRISIS DEMANDS SUSTAINABLE FOOD PRODUCTION
The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC, warns that it will be impossible to maintain the global temperature increases within safe levels without a major transition for the world’s food production and land use. Emissions from the food sector account for up to 30 per cent of global emissions1). This includes emissions from agriculture, altered land use (such as deforestation) and energy consumption in the production of commodities such as fertilisers, and emissions for packaging, refining and transporting food.
Major demands are made of responsible, efficient utilisation of resources in order to build a society that is sustainable in the long term in a rapidly changing world characterised by urbanisation. A transition is needed to climate-resilient cultivation methods that take into account area, water and energy and that reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the food sector. An increasingly unstable climate with lost harvests due to extreme weather are becoming an increasingly common phenomenon, and traditional farming needs to be supplemented with modern technologies that deliver robust harvests all year round, regardless of the weather. Other aspects to take into account include how the fertility of the land is affected, how widely pesticides are used and how production affects biodiversity.