ESCALATING USE OF RESOURCES
Efficient ecosystems are an absolute must for welfare and quality of life. A rapidly growing population, higher standard of living and massive increase in consumption have led to a situation in which ecosystems are rapidly depleted and our climate is destabilised. The extraction and processing of materials, fuels and foods of various types has tripled since 1970; and use of resources dominates widely in high-income countries, which have a per capita footprint 13 times higher than that of low-income countries. All in all, extraction and refinement of various natural resources is estimated to cause 90 per cent of loss of biodiversity and half of climate change1).